Welcome to the Gender and Mine Action Programme (GMAP)
Landmines and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) represent a threat and a key barrier to development in 59 countries and other areas worldwide, affecting the lives of women, girls, boys and men in the communities long after the conflicts are over. Landmines and ERW contamination harm people, takes lives and limbs, block fertile, agricultural land and access to infrastructure such as housing, roads, education facilities and health care. Landmines and ERW thus create obstacles for livelihood activities and also represent key barriers for the safe and peaceful return of displaced populations.
Due to their specific roles and responsibilities within communities and families, women, girls, boys and men are affected differently by landmines and ERW, and therefore need to be assisted in different ways. Their mobility patterns often mean that different age and sex groups hold different information on contamination and have different exposure to landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), and therefore might have different priorities for survey and clearance. The risk of becoming a victim, the ability to access medical and psychological services, long term reintegration, risk education and awareness, and the likelihood of getting employed in mine action are also different.
This concern, among others, is specifically raised in the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (2000) which emphasises [
] the need for all parties to ensure that mine clearance and mine awareness programmes take into account the special needs of women and girls.
More about GMAP
The Gender and Mine Action Programme (GMAP) provides technical assistance, including training and capacity building, to mine action stakeholders to ensure that relevant gender aspects are taken into account in mine action interventions and that affected women, girls, boys and men benefit on an equal basis from mine action activities.
GMAP also conducts demand-driven research to collect evidence, raise awareness and provide guidance on specific aspects of gender in mine action.
- A Colombian mother poses with her son, a landmine survivor. 2009 Photo courtesy of Jorge Henao.